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The findings, published in Neurology, suggest that factors associated with low socioeconomic status --stress, poor diet and limited access to medical care, for example -- increase the prevalence of migraines in young people.
But for teens without a strong predisposition, reflected by the absence of migraine in first-degree relatives, family crema antirid avon factors into the prevalence of migraine, particularly among those teens whose families have low income.
Bigal notes that this finding correlates with migraine prevalence for adults, which is consistently higher among people with lower income and less education.
Socioeconomic position and health: the differential effects of education versus income on the onset versus progression of health problems.
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J Health Soc Behav 48 pamela smith anti aging The study appears in the September issue of the Journal of Health and Social Behavior and examines how health differences in the United States often relate to people's socioeconomic status. Herd and colleagues say education influences occupation, income and wealth and with higher education comes healthier behaviors, such as good diet, increased physical activity, reduced stress and better use of preventive and therapeutic healthcare.
The authors used data collected from to mid in the "Americans' Changing Lives Study," which conducted four waves of interviews of adults who were 25 years old and older. Herd and colleagues analyzed data for 8, participants. They pamela smith anti aging at two groups of health problems: chronic conditions and functional limitations or disabilities. Compared with those with a college degree, the odds of having health problems were 81 percent higher for those without a high school diploma and 56 percent greater for those with a high school diploma.
Although this prevalence is slightly lower than the Cigarette smoking prevalence rates varied substantially across population subgroups Table. The prevalence of smoking was higher among men Duringthe gap in smoking prevalence between those living below the poverty line and those living at or above it increased from 8.
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By education level, smoking prevalence was highest among adults who had earned a General Educational Development diploma Women with undergraduate Duringthe largest decreases in smoking prevalence occurred among adults with a college degree During this period, the gap in smoking prevalence between adults who had graduated from college and those with less than a high school education increased from Similar patterns occurred in the percentage of ever smokers who had quit among different educational groups.
The percentage of ever smokers who had quit was highest for those with college degrees, followed by persons with some college education.
High school graduates and those with less than high school education had the lowest percentage of ever smokers who had quit. The gap between adults with a college degree and those with less than a high school education increased from Editorial Note: The findings in this report indicate that 1 the socioeconomic status of U.
These findings underscore the need for targeted interventions that can better reach persons of lower socioeconomic status. Persons of low socioeconomic status have less access to health care than those of high socioeconomic status 3.
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To evaluate the lifetime prevalence of migraine and other headaches lasting 4 or more hours in a population-based study of older adults. Migraine and other headaches not fulfilling migraine criteria are common afflictions. Yet the health and social effects of these conditions have not been fully appreciated, particularly among older adults. Prevalence estimates of a lifetime history of migraine and other headaches lasting 4 or more hours were obtained for race and gender groups.
A cross-sectional analysis was done to assess the relationship between headache type, by aura status, and various sociodemographic and health-related indices. Compared to restylane perline în pliurile nazolabiale recenzii beyond high school, having completed less than 12 years of education was significantly associated with an increased occurrence of migraine with aura prevalence odds ratio [POR], 1.
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The prevalence odds ratio was higher in each headache category, particularly for those with an aura, for those with hypertension versus normotension and for those who perceived their general health as poor compared to those whose perception was excellent. A lifetime history of migraine with aura and other headaches with aura was more common among whites, women, and younger participants.
Further investigation of headaches lasting 4 or more hours, particularly by aura status, is warranted. Articles Neurology. Scher, A I. PhD; Terwindt, G M. PhD; Verschuren, W M. PhD Abstract: Background: Migraine, particularly with aura, is a risk factor for early-onset ischemic stroke. The underlying mechanisms are unknown, but may in part be due to migraineurs having an increased risk profile for cardiovascular disease.
In this study, the authors compare the cardiovascular risk profile of adult migraineurs to that of nonmigraineurs. Controls were 5, individuals without lifetime migraine.
Measured cardiovascular risk factors included blood pressure BPserum total and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol TC, HDLsmoking, oral contraceptive use, and the Framingham risk score for myocardial infarction or coronary heart disease CHD death.
The odds of having an elevated Framingham risk score for CHD were approximately doubled for the migraineurs with aura.
Conclusions: Migraineurs, particularly with aura, have a higher cardiovascular risk profile than individuals without migraine. Presence of headaches, other chronic pain conditions, and chronic physical conditions was assessed in a structured interview administered by trained interviewers. Diagnostic criteria for migraine were based on the International Headache Society classification. Mental disorders were ascertained with the Composite International Diagnostic Interview that collected diagnostic criteria according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Pamela smith anti aging, fourth edition.
Role disability was assessed with World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule questions about days out of role and days with impaired role functioning.
Compared with headache-free subjects, migraineurs were at significantly increased risk for mental disorders odds ratio [OR] 3.
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Compared with headache-free subjects, persons with nonmigraine headache were also at significantly increased risk for mental disorders OR 2. Migraineurs experienced role disability on The history of headache can be traced almost to the beginning of the history of humankind.
The first description of headache dates back to the third millennium BCE. Headache has been written about extensively since the time of the Babylonian civilization.
Migraine headache and hemicrania are discussed in the Bible.